Genuine Roman jasper Intaglio 1st/2nd century A.D. which depicts Goddess Fortuna 18 kt Gold Ring
Fortuna in imperial Rome was a complex, multivalent deity, venerated with particular fervency during the first and second centuries CE. Romans considered her a single, universalized deity and qualified her withover ninety epithets, according to different settings and needs.The many epithets which describe the goddess Fortuna in no way detractfrom the single identity of the deity, but rather add to her importance for so manysocial groups in Roman society, identifying her as both a beneficent andcapricious deity, a single, universalized entity in the Roman consciousness.
Fortuna was a major deity among the ancient Romans. In fact, she held charge of the fates of all humans in her early career as a goddess.
With this kind of mindset, it’s understandable why Fortuna was afforded the most luxurious kind of worship. Extravagant altars, celebrations, and placations flowed from the community to Fortuna – all in hopes to gain good fortune.
Later in history, Fortuna became more of a fertility figure. Unwed Roman women would join forces with the goddess to land an ideal mate.
The cornucopia serves as a goddess symbol to Fortuna because it’s all about value, abundance, and infinite supplyand it represents and lush bounty. It also represents the male aspect of fertility and reproductions (horns being a phallic symbol).
Flower ( poppies, on this carnelian intaglio ) meanings, when connected with goddess symbols almost always indicate fertility, elegance, and beauty. Interestingly, flowers are some of the most delicate things on this planet – but they are also the strongest.Fortuna is strong, and endures great challenges.
Fortuna has often a rudder in the hand, a sign that she ‘steers’ events, while implying the perils of sea travel. In the Flavian period, she is often pictured with a globe, on which her rudder rests, symbolizing Rome’s victory and stability, thanks to Fortuna’s positive disposition towards the imperial project. Globes, however, can roll and rotate, they are inherently precarious. They symbolize time and can also point to the fixity of the human lifespan and perhaps an empire’s too.