Genuine Roman coin (2nd century BC) depicting the Goddess Roma sterling silver bracelet; "Hercules knot" on the side of the coin
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In ancient Roman religion, the Goddess Roma was a female deity of notable beauty who personified the city of Rome and, more generally, the Roman state. Roman political and religious ideas were represented through the Goddess Roma in different forms: coins, sculptures and drawings in architecture.
Although depictions of this goddess were influenced by other goddesses of the time, (particularly Athena), the goddess Roma stood out as a true symbol of Rome.
As an archetype, she represents the model followed by rational women, governed by the head as well as the heart, capable of maintaining control in difficult or emergency situations, developing appropriate strategies that lead the woman to act with the utmost determination. She represented the archetype of the woman who could control events, consider their effects and change the course of an action if considered unproductive.
In Roman art and coins, she was depicted wearing a helmet and other military equipment.
The Hercules knot metaphorically represents infinity. As Sextus Pompeius Festus reminds us, he has long been celebrated for his intrinsic properties, so much so that he was recommended by Pliny for bandaging wounds.
Among the knots, this is the only one to take its name from a mythological figure, it is hypothesized for the tying of the leontè (the skin of the Nemean lion killed and flayed by Hercules in one of his twelve labours) in front of the hero's throat .
The presence of this element in some ornaments, as well as in mosaic or pictorial decorations. it is generally considered propitiatory and a good omen for the fertility of the spouses (in fact it is also called "love knot"): it is made up, in fact, of two firmly intertwined ropes. Furthermore, Hercules is remembered as a "septuaginta liberos reliquit", for the seventy sons attributed to him.
This knot seems to have been known in goldsmithery since the Bronze Age, but the two periods in which it was at its peak were the Hellenistic age and the Roman era.