Genuine Ancient Roman coin 3rd century AD Silver Pendant depicting Eagle with a laurel branch
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The eagle, in the ancient period, represented the Icon of Jupiter, father of all the gods, and protector of the state. As such it served as a symbol of the power of Rome and her empire and was used as an insignia by the army.
In May 218 AD. the Roman Legion III Gallica, stationed in Emesa, proclaims emperor Sextius Varius Avitus Bassianus, who assumes the name of Marcus Aurelius Antoninus, and will go down in history as ELAGABALO or Elagabalus.
The proclamation took place due to the intrigues of his mother Julia Soemia and grandmother Julia Mesa, who said that he was the natural son of Caracalla. Macrino resisted, but was abandoned by his own troops, defeated near Antioch by the rioters, and then killed. After the repression of some attempts at opposition, in 219 AD. Elagabalus reached Rome, where he left the government in the hands of Julia Mesa. She associated the son of her other daughter Julia Mamea, Alexander Severus, to the throne of Elagabalus. As discontent with the bad government spread more and more, Elagabalus was killed by the Praetorians. Elagabalus had the symbolic stone that represented the god Elaiagabalos, solar divinity, transported to Rome, where a temple for the new divinity (Deus invictus Sol Elagabalus) was built on the Palatine Hill. After the emperor's death, the cult of Elaiagabalos in Rome was suppressed and the sacred stone returned to Emesa.