Caesar Augustus, born on September 23, 63 BC and passing away on August 19, AD 14, holds the distinction of being the first Roman emperor. He reigned from 27 BC until his death in AD 14 and is renowned as the founder of the Roman Principate, which marked the initial phase of the Roman Empire. Augustus left an indelible legacy as one of history's most effective and controversial leaders. Under his rule, a period of relative peace known as the Pax Romana was established. For over two centuries, the Roman world experienced a notable absence of large-scale conflicts, despite ongoing imperial expansion wars on the Empire's frontiers and the "Year of the Four Emperors," a year-long civil war over the imperial succession.
Augustus was born as Gaius Octavius into a prosperous equestrian branch of the plebeian Octavia gens. Following the assassination of his maternal great-uncle, Julius Caesar, in 44 BC, Octavius was designated as Caesar's adopted son and heir in Caesar's will. Subsequently, Octavius assumed the name Gaius Julius Caesar and was commonly referred to as Octavian. Alongside Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus, he formed the Second Triumvirate to defeat Caesar's assassins. Following their triumph at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and governed as de facto dictators. However, conflicting ambitions ultimately led to the dissolution of the Triumvirate. Lepidus was exiled in 36 BC, while Octavian emerged victorious over Antony at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC.
Our jewelry store, Serra Roma, proudly presents an exquisite collection that beautifully honors the ancient traditions of Greek and Roman civilizations. Each piece in our collection, including authentic ancient Roman and Greek coins and intaglios, is accompanied by a certificate of authenticity, providing proof of its historical significance and origin.