Genuine Ancient Roman Coin 137 BC Silver Pendant depicting God Mars
This sterling silver pendant has been set with an authentic Roman denarius which dates back to 137 BC, and depicts on one side the head of the god Mars and on the other two warriors with a spear; between the two warriors we see a priest who sacrifices a pig. In ancient Roman religion and myth, Mars was the god of war and also an agricultural guardian, a combination characteristic of early Rome. He was the son of Jupiter and Juno, and he was the most prominent of the military gods in the religion of the Roman army.
Most of his festivals were held in March, the month named for him (Latin Martius), and in October, which began the season for military campaigning and ended the season for farming. Mars represented military power as a way to secure peace and was a father (pater) of the Roman people. In the mythic genealogy and founding myths of Rome, Mars was the father of Romulus and Remus by his rape of Rhea Silvia.
His love affair with Venus symbolically reconciled the two different traditions of Rome's founding; Venus was the divine mother of the hero Aeneas, celebrated as the Trojan refugee who "founded" Rome several generations before Romulus laid out the city walls.
This sterling silver pendant showcases an authentic Roman coin from the 1st century AD, featuring the portrait of Emperor Augustus. The reverse side of the coin depicts his two nephews, Lucius and Gaius.
Caesar Augustus, originally named Gaius Octavius, was born on September 23, 63 BC, and he passed away on August 19, AD 14. He is famously known as Octavian and was the first Roman emperor, reigning from 27 BC until his death in AD 14. Augustus is renowned for his role as the founder of the Roman Principate, which marked the initial phase of the Roman Empire. He is widely regarded as one of the most influential leaders in human history.
Augustus's reign ushered in an era of imperial peace known as the Pax Romana or Pax Augusta, during which the Roman world experienced relative freedom from large-scale conflicts for over two centuries, despite ongoing wars of expansion on the empire's frontiers and the "Year of the Four Emperors" civil war over the imperial succession.
Born into a wealthy equestrian branch of the plebeian gens Octavia, Augustus inherited the name, estate, and the loyalty of Julius Caesar's legions after being named as his adopted son and heir in Caesar's will. He formed the Second Triumvirate alongside Mark Antony and Marcus Lepidus to defeat Caesar's assassins. Following their victory at the Battle of Philippi in 42 BC, the Triumvirate divided the Roman Republic among themselves and ruled as de facto dictators.
After the dissolution of the Second Triumvirate, Augustus restored the outward appearance of a free republic. Power was officially vested in the Roman Senate, executive magistrates, and legislative assemblies. However, Augustus maintained autocratic authority by obtaining lifetime tenure as commander-in-chief, tribune, and censor through the Senate.
Augustus married his daughter, Agrippa, and their union resulted in five children: three sons named Gaius Caesar, Lucius Caesar, and Agrippa Postumus (named so because he was born after Marcus Agrippa's death), and two daughters named Vipsania Julia and Agrippina. It became evident that Augustus intended to make Gaius and Lucius Caesar his heirs when he adopted them as his own children.
Our jewelry store, Serra Roma, proudly presents an exquisite collection that beautifully honors the ancient traditions of Greek and Roman civilizations. Each piece in our collection, including authentic ancient Roman and Greek coins and intaglios, is accompanied by a certificate of authenticity, providing proof of its historical significance and origin.